法脉传承

      随佛禅师(Ven. Bhikkhu Vūpasama)为华人,出生于台湾,修学佛法至今已四十余年,在世界各地创办「原始佛教会」,是还原、振兴已经隐没约有两千二百余年之原始佛教的法脉传人。

      禅师出家于缅甸铜鍱部僧团,剃度师是承续雷迪大师(Ven. Ledi Sayadaw C.E. 1846~1923)禅法及道场系统之Bhaddanta Zagara Bhivamsa 长老。禅师现今担任中华、美国、马来西亚、澳洲、欧洲原始佛教会终生导师,兼台湾、马来西亚、纽约等地中道禅林的导师,相近共学为奉守原始佛法的「中道僧团」。

      随佛禅师对于佛教教法的探究与修行,主要的研究是「从佛教传承的最古老教义中,探寻佛教初始时期的教法,并致力于 释迦佛陀教法、禅法及菩提道次第原貌的探究、阐扬与实践」。

      随佛禅师不仅传承原始佛教法脉,也熟习汉传佛教各宗宗义,印度菩萨道之「般若」、「瑜伽」与「如来藏」等三系思想,特别是对《般若经》、《中论》的思想与「禅宗」的禅法,有深入的体会与教学经验。

      2011 年,禅师在台湾、马来西亚、美国等地,延请南传佛教各国长老与中道僧团共同举办《四圣谛佛教联合宣言》,促进锡兰、缅甸、泰国、寮国、柬埔寨、美国、马来西亚、台湾各地僧人的交流合作,提升「四圣谛佛教」的社会影响力。

      2014 年依原始佛教会为基础,再创立「四圣谛佛教会」,团结仰信「四圣谛」的原始佛教及南传佛教,提倡「原始佛教、南传上座、汉传显教、藏传密乘,四系一家,同利人间」。

      2015 年,禅师依据《阿含经》、《佛说阿弥陀经》、《毘尼母经》的传诵,著作《三阶念佛弥陀禅》,提倡「持名念佛、定心念佛、实相念佛」的三阶念佛,导归「见因缘法之实相念佛」,正确为世人揭示「由末法向正法」的弥陀法门。《三阶念佛弥陀禅》指出:「弥陀行者终是原始佛教行者,原始佛教行者也是弥陀行者」,促进原始佛教、汉传佛教是一家无争、和谐共荣的新时代。

      自2013 起,禅师在中国大陆各地寺院广弘禅法,引导中国大陆佛弟子学习经法、禅法,促进佛教文化的交流、学习。

      2015 年,随佛禅师与日本曹洞宗东隆真禅师、锡兰佛牙寺Wendaruwe Sri Upali Anunayaka Thero,共同举行联合宣法,促进佛教各界的合作。

      随佛禅师已经完成阿难系汉译《相应阿含》(现误译名《杂阿含》)及优波离系南传《相应部》的比对研究,更进一步的根据汉译《相应阿含》、南传《相应部》之〈因缘相应〉、〈食相应〉、〈圣谛相应〉、〈界相应〉、〈五阴(蕴)相应〉、〈六处相应〉及〈四念处等道品相应〉等〈七事修多罗〉的共说,「依经证经」的还原 佛陀原说教法。

      原始佛教的教义,不同于分别说部为主的南传佛教。原始佛教最主要的内容有: 1.「六处分位」的「十二因缘法」; 2.「十二因缘观」的九种禅法; 3.观十二因缘、次第起七觉分,先断无明、后断贪欲的「禅法次第」; 4.依七觉分,次第究竟「四圣谛三转、十二行」,成就正觉、离贪、慈悲喜舍、解脱、阿耨多罗三藐三菩提的「一乘道次第」。

      随佛禅师既不受取、不积蓄、不使用钱财,也无「为僧人管理金钱供养的净人」,常年游化宣法于世界各地,不定居一处。

 

The Lineage

Venerable Bhikkhu Vūpasama Thera was born in Taiwan and is of Chinese heritage. He studied and practiced the Buddha’s doctrines for over forty years and established Original Buddhism Society in several countries. He is the Dhamma lineage successor who has restored and revitalized the original teaching of Buddha Sākyamuni which was dormant for nearly 2200 years.

He was ordained by Ven. Baddanta Zagara Bhivamsa, a disciple of Ven. Ledi Sayadaw (C.E. 1846-1923) from a Burmese Theravada Saṅgha. Ven. Bhikkhu Vūpasama Thera is currently the chief mentor of the Original Buddhism Society in Taiwan, America, Malaysia, Australia, and Europe. He is also the mentor of “Sambodhi World” in Taiwan, Malaysia, and New York. All of his disciples including the “Sambodhi Saṅgha” practice Original Buddhism.

Master Vūpasama’s core research and practice of Buddhism teachings are in the area of revitalizing the original teaching of Buddha Sākyamuni from the most ancient scriptures collected by the First Buddhist Council, a council convened in the same year the Buddha passed away. His main effort is to spread the original teaching, meditation techniques, and the path to enlightenment as taught by Buddha Sākyamuni.

Master Vūpasama has not only succeeded the Dharma lineage of Original Buddhism, he is also knowledgeable in all schools of Chinese Buddhism, and in the ideologies of the three Indian Bodhisattva Schools, namely “Prajñā,” “Yogācāya,” and “Tathāgata-garba.” In addition, he has profound practical and teaching experience in the ideologies of “Prajñā-Pāramitā Sutras” and “Mādhyamikā commentary,” as well as the meditation methods of the Chinese Zen School.

In 2011, the Master invited many elder monks of Theravada Saṅgha to organize “The Joint Declaration of Buddhism and the Four Noble Truths” in Taiwan, Malaysia, and the United States. These activities facilitated exchanges and cooperation among the Saṅgha members in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, United States, Malaysia, and Taiwan, as well as promoted social influence of “Buddhism of the Four Noble Truths.”

In 2014, based on the mission of the Original Buddhism Society, the Master founded “The Buddhist Society of the Four Noble Truths” in order to unite disciples of Original Buddhism and those of Theravada Buddhism who believe and practice the Four Noble Truths. He advocates the following four lineages: Original Buddhism, Theravada School, Chinese exoteric School, and Tibetan esoteric School to share the same mission to benefit all beings.

In 2015, the Master based on “Agama Sūtras,” “Amitābha Sūtra,” and “Vinaya-Mātika Sūtra” wrote “Three Stages of Mindfulness Recitation and Meditation of the Amitābha Buddha.” He advocates the three stages of mindfulness of the Buddha: “chanting the name,” “concentrating,” and “realizing the truths” by observing the principle of Relevant Influencing (Nidānas). The Master uses this method to redirect “Dharma-Ending Age” back to “the Age of the Right Dharma.” This book points out an important message: “the practitioners of Amitābha school will actually become the practitioners of Original Buddhism; the practitioners of Original Buddhism are also the practitioners of Amitābha school.” He promotes the idea that Original Buddhism and Chinese Buddhism are of the same family and will prosper in harmony in this new era.

Since 2013, the Master began teaching meditation in various temples in China. He guides Chinese Buddhists to study the Buddha’s Original teachings and meditation methods, and also promotes the exchange and learning of various Buddhist cultures.

In 2015, Ven. Bhikkhu Vūpasama Thera gave Dharma talks together with Rev. Tenrai Ryushin Azuma Roshi of Japanese Soto Zen lineage, and later with Venerable Wendaruwe Sri Upali Anunayaka Thero from the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic in Sri Lanka, to promote cooperation among various Buddhism Schools.

Master Vūpasama has completed a comparative study on “Samyukta-Āgama” of the Ven. Anānda lineage and “Samyutta-Nikāya” of the Ven. Upāli lineage. His study is based on the common doctrines, cross referencing with verification of suttas of the seven categories (“Relevant Influencing [Nidānas],” “nutriment,” “noble truths,” “realms,” “five abstruseness [aggregates],” “six sense bases,” and “Noble Paths [including Four Objects of Mindfulness]”) of Samyukta-Āgama and Samyutta-Nikāya in order to restore the original teaching of the Buddha.

The doctrine of Original Buddhism is different from Theravada Buddhism, which is mainly based on the school of Vibhajjavāda. The main contents of Original Buddhism include:

1. Using six sense bases as the divider for “the Twelve Factors of Relevant Influencing (Paṭicca-samuppāda)”;

2. Using nine methods of insight meditation to observe “The Twelve Factors of Relevant Influencing (Paṭicca-samuppāda)”;

3. Using insight meditation to observe “The Twelve Factors of Relevant Influencing (Paṭicca-samuppāda)” in order to cultivate the Seven Factors of Enlightenment (Satta Bojjhaṅgā) to cease Ignorance (Avijjā) before the Cessation of Craving (Lobha);

4. Basing on the Seven Factors of Enlightenment (Satta Bojjhaṅgā) to practice in stages of the three rounds along with twelve aspects of the Four Noble Truths to accomplish awakening, detachment of craving, the Four Immeasurable Attitudes (viz. loving-kindness, compassion, joy, and equanimity), liberation (Mokkha), and Anuttara-samyak-sambodhi through “the Single Path of Awakening” (Ekāyana-magga).

Not only does Master Vūpasama not receive, use, nor accumulate money offered by devotees, but he also does not have a kappiya (layman) to manage money on his behalf. He travels around the world to spread the Buddha’s original teachings and does not reside in one location permanently.